The word “ant” means “the biter”.
Ants evolved from wasp-like ancestors in the mid-Cretaceous period.
Ants have colonised almost every landmass on Earth. The only places lacking indigenous ants are Antarctica and a few remote or inhospitable islands.
Ant societies have division of labour, communication between individuals, and an ability to solve complex problems.
Ants are distinct in their morphology from other insects in having elbowed antennae, metapleural glands, and a strong constriction of their second abdominal segment into a node-like petiole.